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SOLEIL Highlights 2017

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2017 will be remembered as the first year with all 29 SOLEIL beamlines receiving photons. An increasing number of operational experimental stations is available, with the opening to users of the multi-scale X-ray fluorescence imaging branch of NANOSCOPIUM, with submicroscopic resolution, and with the first micro- and nano- X-ray tomography tests on ANATOMIX…

Browse the electronic version of this collection of selected outstanding scientic results, obtained at SOLEIL in 2017.

 

Table of contents:

SURFACES, INTERFACES AND NANOSYSTEMS

p. 18 Spin-charge separation in metallic one-dimensional line defects of MoSe2 monolayer films
p. 20 Tuning the size and coverage of supported Pt nanoparticles
p. 22 Electron-phonon coupling in a molecular spin-liquid crystal measured by RIXS
p. 24 Exciting molecular spin states at the tip of a STM
p. 26 Hydrogen doping of 2D transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs): a reliable method without quality degradation

PHYSICOCHEMISTRY OF LIQUIDS, SOFT MATTER, NANOCHEMISTRY

p. 30 Structure of a Hydrogen-evolving Cobalt electrocatalyst
p. 32 Observation of a frustrated ionization in water/ammonia mixtures under pressure
p. 34 Evidence for a spontaneous graphene oxide nanosheets bilayer at the water interface
p. 36 Highest capacity or structural stability? The case of Li3IrO4 as positive electrode for Li-ion batteries
p. 38 Non-Platinum single-atom catalysts for fuel cell cathodes: taking a closer look at the nature of active sites

BIOLOGY AND HEALTH SCIENCES

p. 42 Visualizing in real-time enzymatic deconstruction of plant cell walls
p. 44 Mechanism of activation of a major toxin involved in whooping cough
p. 46 A microspectrofluorimetric dissection of antibiotic translocation across the Gram-negative bacteria envelope
p. 48 A key step in cellular glycosylation revealed through the crystal structure of a nucleotide sugar transporter
p. 50 Monomer/dimer transitions tune the ROCO protein GTPase cycle

ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS, DILUTE MATTER, UNIVERSE SCIENCE

p. 54 Ultrafast charge transfer processes in aqueous KCl solution
p. 56 Absolute photoionization cross section of the BSOLUTE PHOTOIONIZATION CROSS SECTION OF THE C60+ ion
p. 58 Chiral molecules and their response to circular synchrotron radiation
p. 60 Electron scattering in liquid water – a molecular picture from gas phase water clusters
p. 62 Fast track for ultrafast processes: controlling molecular dissociation on attosecond timescale

PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY OF HARD CONDENSED MATTER, EARTH SCIENCES

p. 66 For the first ~2.5 billions of years, the Earth’s upper mantle remained partially molten
p. 68 When interfaces meet: controlling an organic spinterface using an artificial magnetoelectric. New opportunities for multifunctional electronics  
p. 70 Establishing the mechanism of superconductivity in H3S
p. 72 Structural network of Iron-organic matter aggregates controls the Arsenic binding
p. 74 Monitoring the stabilization treatments of archaeological marine iron objects

MODELING, METHODOLOGY AND INSTRUMENTATION

p. 78 Connect the dots! Hyperspectral data processing with Orange
p. 80 X-ray Raman as a new spectroscopy to discriminate ancient organic compounds
p. 82 Fast X-ray reflectivity at a glance 
p. 84 A new X-ray polarimeter concept for astrophysics applications

ACCELERATORS AND ENGINEERING DIVISION

p. 88 How to sum up 2017
p. 90 Two workshops in 2017
p. 92 Towards a free electron laser using laser plasma acceleration