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THESE - Studying the properties of new 2D systems based on chalcogen materials elaborated by chemical methods on metal substrates

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17 mars 2022 - 13h30 Amphithéâtre SOLEIL

Meryem BOUAZIZ

(Ligne TEMPO, Synchrotron SOLEIL, Gif sur Yvette ; ICMMO, Université Paris Saclay, France et LIMA, Université de Monastir, Tunisie)

Since the discovery of graphene, the number of two-dimensional (2D) materials has grown steadily. Each new 2D material demonstrated unusual physical properties offering a large flexibility in their tailoring for high-tech applications. In particular, the transition metal dichalcogenides family (TMDCs) is of interest, combining a transition metal (M) and chalcogen element (X), with generally a MX2 stoichiometry. The great diversity of materials in this family makes them permanent research subjects, from experimental synthesis and characterization to simulation and theoretical modeling since the properties of TMDCs materials change depending on the transition metal and the chalcogen element but also on the preparation method. In this thesis, I present a new chemical deposition method allowing the formation of different forms of chalcogens-based materials according to the substrate: transition metal dichalcogenide PtSe2 on Pt(111), 2D Cu-Te  alloy layers on Cu(111) and on Cu(110), as well as  a tellurene monolayer on Au(111) and on Au(110). Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE) method is also employed to produce some of these materials with the advantage of precise control of the film thickness. To probe their properties, I have benefited from the high-brilliant radiation of Synchrotron SOLEIL at TEMPO beamline and used various ultrahigh vacuum techniques, such as X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES), Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and Low energy electron diffraction (LEED). In this work, I revealed very interesting structural and electronic properties of the PtSe2, Cu-Te and tellurene materials. More importantly, I have demonstrated for the first time that these materials host 2D electron gas systems, which makes them very promising for applications in the nanotechnology industry.          

              Les membres du jury sont :
Marino MARSI                                      Professeur, Paris Saclay Université (LPS)                                                                       Président
Jean-Jacques GALLET                      Maître de conférences (HDR), Sorbonne Université (UPMC)                                                     Rapporteur
Mohamed ELLOUZE                          Professeur, Sfax Université (FSS)                                                                       Rapporteur
Fredj HASSEN                                       Professeur, Monastir Université (FSM)                                                                       Examinateur
Yannick J. DAPPE                                Chargé de recherche CNRS (HDR), (SPEC-CEA Saclay)                                                                       Examinateur
Azzedine BENDOUNAN                     Scientifique (HDR), Synchrotron SOLEIL                                                                       Directeur de thèse
Rym MLIKA                                             Professeur, Monastir Université (FSM)                                                                       Co-directrice de thèse
Hafsa KORRI-YOUSSOUFI             Directrice de recherche (HDR), Paris Saclay Université (ICMMO)                                                 Co-directrice de thèse
 
 

Formalités d’entrée :

Accès libre dans le Grand Amphi SOLEIL du Bâtiment Central (limité à 50 places). Lien visio sur demande.

Contact : Sandrine Vasseur

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