DIFFABS beamline

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Description Technical data
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Food additive E171 (titanium dioxide, TiO2)- first findings of oral exposure in rats

The experiments carried out by INRA scientists in collaboration with ANSES, the CEA-Grenoble-Alpes University, the Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology and SOLEIL (DIFFABS beamline), show that TiO2 crosses the gut barrier and is found in the body. When ingested daily, TiO2 causes imbalances in the immune response and initiates and promotes pre-cancerous lesions in animals. [Full story]

[Press release : Food additive E171]

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The range of instrumental techniques that can be used on this line concerns numerous sectors of fundamental research and finalized applied research (oil industry, nuclear field , metallurgy) among which the science of materials and chemistry hold a predominant position. In particular, in situ studies of the transformations in materials at ultra-high temperature will be the domain of excellence of this line. The interest of coupled absorption, or coupled - diffraction measurements on powders or monocristalssingle crystals, is to ensure that both experiments are carried out on the same zone of the sample, in absolutely identical physico-chemical conditions (temperature, pressure, reactive atmosphere around the sample), which is very important for establishing correlations between the information provided by both types of measurements in the case of complex materials or materials under extreme conditions.


Technical data
Energy range   3-23 keV for standard beam mode
3-19 keV for microbeam mode
Energy Resolution (∆E/E)  

∆E/E ~ 10-4


Bending magnet

Flux at the first optical

1.1014 ph/s/0.1%bw @ 8 keV / 500mA ring current
4. 1013 ph/s/0.1%bw @ 20 keV / 500mA ring current


- Two bendable mirrors for harmonics rejection and meridian (vertical) focusing
- Si(111) Double crystal monochromator (DCM) with bendable 2nd crystal for sagital (horizontal) focusing
- Kirkpatrick-Baez (KB) mirrors for microbeam (~ 10μm) mode
- Circular Fresnel Zone Plate (sub-10μm beam size) 

Sample Environment  

- 6+2 circles diffractometer (kappa geometry + analyzer crystal). Heavy load and cumbersome sample environment can be accommodated.
- Several heating systems :

  • (laser heating + levitating chamber (study of melting of glasses, oxides and ceramics up to T ~3000 °C)
  • conventional furnaces for powders, thin films and bulk (up to

- compact Peltier stage (T = -20°C to +50 °C)
- biaxial tensile machine for stretchable thin films
- optical microscope (sample visualisation and pre-alignment) for μbeam experiments

Flux on sample  

- several 1012 ph/s @ 8kev / 500 mA ring current (~250x300μm2 FWHM, 0.24 x
3.5 mrad2, vert. × horiz.) with Si(111) DCM and at
- 109-1010 ph/s @ 8kev / 500 mA ring current (~10x10μm2 FWHM, 2 x 1 mrad2,
vert. × horiz.) with KB [still to be optimized] 


- Zero- dimensional (YAP or LaCl3 scintillators)
- Zero- dimensional (Avalanche Photo Diode, APD)
- thin Si diodes (I0 monitors),
- diodes (transmitted beam) for X-ray absorption experiments
- 4-element SDD: silicon drift detector for X-ray fluorescence,
- 2D Cameras (XPAD, MAR345 image plate, …) on-loan basis from
Detectors Group, shared with other beamlines. 


Scientific Opportunities
Materials Science   - in-situ studies of mechanical properties of materials (crystalline metallic layers, multilayers, polymers, …) under bi-axial tensile stress.
- in-situ structural studies of glasses, oxides and ceramics at very high temperatures (by XRD and XAS combination)
- phase transitions on different materials
- 1beam studies (local probe) for structural properties : 1XRD, 1XAS, 1XRF and combination
Biology, Biomaterials  

- Pathological calcifications


- local properties in lithographed semiconductor epitaxial thin films, quantum wells/wires/dots, nanostructures (Laterally resolved High resolution XRD by using x-ray focused beams).
- III-V semiconductor multilayers for optoelectronics

Soft condensed matter  

- in-situ studies of mechanical properties of polymers (rubbers) under uniand bi-axial stress.

Imaging / cartography /
local probe analysis

- local probe (10 1m and sub-101m X-ray spot) imaging / mapping / analysis with various contrast mechanisms and information (diffraction, fluorescence, spectroscopy).
- Large variety of samples: crystalline or amorphous materials, nanomaterials, polymers, biological samples, archeological artifacts, … 

Art and cultural heritage /

- In situ monitoring of dechlorination treatment of marine archaeological artefacts by combination of microbeam techniques
- Determination of the polychromy techniques of the archaic Greek ceramic decorations



beamline responsible 

Tel: 01 69 35 96 16
Cristian MOCUTA
Tel: 01 69 35 81 20
Tel: 01 69 35 97 27

Filipe ALVES
Assistant ingénieur

Tel: 01 69 35 96 42
Tel: 01 69 35 81 06


Salle de pilotage

Tel: 01 69 35 97 11
Tel: 01 69 35 97 24

 Beamline scientific articles


- From Pépin le Bref and Charlemagne to Gustave Flaubert: Hair, witness to our History and source of technological advance in modern forensics

- DIFFABS - LUCIA: Cerium anomaly: a micrometric mapping obtained by synchrotron radiation on Cretaceous fossils synchrotron dans des fossiles du Crétacé

- Natural rubber: strain induced crystallization studied under X-ray

- CRISTAL - DIFFABS : Germination, growth and alignment of carbon nanotubes: the contribution of in-situ X-ray diffraction

- IPANEMA - DIFFABS : Traces of copper around remains from Marie de BretagneTraces of copper around remains from Marie de Bretagne

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 General information:

Preliminary project

Beamline description 

 Beamline poster

 Download diagram
of the energy ranges

 Download specifications
of the microscopes