DEIMOS beamline

Research Contents / Beamlines / DEIMOS
Description Technical data
Scientific Opportunities Contacts
Employment Beamline progress

DEIMOS, Dichroism Experimental Installation for Magneto-Optical Spectroscopy, is a beam-line dedicated to the study of the magnetic and electronic properties using polarized light. The application of synchrotron radiation to magnetism is related to the development of circularly polarized sources. The main advantage of X-ray Magnetic Circular Dichroism (XMCD) over other techniques addressing magnetic behavior lies in its chemical and orbital selectivity. One can probe the magnetic moment of one specific atom in a compound in which the absorbing atom is not a major component. Due to the electric dipole nature of the Hamiltonian interaction, one can also probe specific shells for which the magnetic orbital and magnetic spin moments can be “independently” measured. New physical and chemical properties shown by different classes of materials provide the basis for promising applications and challenging scientific investigations. The knowledge of the electronic structure of these materials is of crucial importance for the understanding and tailoring of well defined properties, like transport, magnetism and others.
Technical data
Energy range
  350 – 2500 eV
Energy resolution   E/ΔE between 6000 and 10000 over the whole energy range
  1st - APPLE II HU52
2nd - EMPHU65 with a polarization switching rate of 10Hz
Flux on the first optics   ~ 2x1015 phot/s/0.1%bw @ 750eV
Optics   Double mirror (2 mirrors with 2 incidence angles, insuring a good harmonic rejection over the entire energy range);
PGM with VGD gratings (1200 and 1600 lines) working in the Petersen mode + multilayer gratings for the “high” energy range (>1500eV);
Post-focusing Wolter system.
The optics design is intended to give high stability and high spectral purity.
Sample environment
  End Station Cryo-magnet: +/-7T (along the beam direction) and +/- 2T (perpendicular to the beam); from 1.5K up to 350K on the sample.

There are 2 preparation chambers (MBE and RAOUL) connected to the beamline which are dedicated to sample preparation and treatment (Ar+ etching gun, annealing up to 1500K, evaporation – EFM3, EFM3T) and analysis under UHV conditions (LEED, AES, variable temperature STM).

A glove box is also available for air sensitive sample preparation and/or insertion into the beamline.

Finally a “suitcase” may be borrowed to transport your sample from your laboratory to SOLEIL.
Sample holders and transfer system compatible with Omicron standards. .
Beam sizes on sample   80x80µm2 and 800x800µm2 (using 2 mirrors stages in the Wolter system).
Flux on the sample   ~ 6x1012 phot/s/0.1%bw @ 750eV
  Absorption in TEY (Total Electron Yield) and FY (Fluorescence Yield) modes and transmission.
Polarization   Variable polarization (circular, continuous linear). EMPHU65 will give 10Hz switching rate between circular left and right polarizations.
Scientific Opportunities
Surface and interface
magnetism, Materials
for spin electronics
  Magnetic properties of low dimensional structures – size effects; correlation between magnetic properties, morphology and structure - magnetoelastic effects, contributions in the magnetic anisotropy; magnetic moments and anisotropy of isolated atoms - tunneling surface diffusion at very low temperatures; ferromagnetic-antiferromagnetic interfaces – origin of the exchange coupling; magnetic tunnel junctions; etc.
Molecular magnets,
Langmuir-Blodgett films,
Hybrid magnetic materials,
High spin molecules

Magnetic and electronic properties of pure molecular magnets (dichroism of small magnetic polarization of the NO groups, with site selectivity); organo-metallic compounds and supramolecular assemblies – large variety of magnetic structures tuning chemical properties, “exotic” magnetic structures and mechanisms; lamellar compounds – ferrimagnetism, magnetic frustration; polynuclear molecules with monodisperse magnetic properties (moments and anisotropy) – molecular electronics, q-bits.

Earth Science,
  Magnetic properties of variously synthesized particles of magnetite (Fe3O4), maghemite ((γ-Fe2O3), hematite (α-Fe2O3), pyrrhotite (Fe1-xS) or greigite (Fe3S4) - magnetic surface canting, chemical and magnetic disorder, vacancies ordering.
Beamline Status : Operational 1st term 2010

(Principal beamline scientist)

Tel:+33(0)1 69 35 96 82

Edwige OTERO
(Beamline scientist)

Tel:+33(0)1 69 35 80 91

(Beamline scientist)

Tel:+33(0)1 69 35 96 09

Florian LEDUC 
(Beamline assistant engineer)

Tel:+33(0)1 69 35 94 30

(Control Room)
(Meeting Room)


Associate Office

Tel:+33(0)1 69 35 81 52
Tel:+33(0)1 69 35 81 51

Tel:+33(0)1 69 35 81 48

Tel:+33(0)1 65 35 81 36



Synchrotron SOLEIL
L'orme des Merisiers
Saint-Aubin - BP48


Fax:+33(0)1 69 35 94 56

Click here to access to the SOLEIL employment web page

 Beamline scientific articles


- Versatile variable temperature insert at the DEIMOS beamline for in situ electrical transport measurements

New magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles for imaging, vectorization and data storage

- Magnetic arm wrestling between metal and molecules

- 2D magnetic coupling between Mn centers in a metal-organic network

- Single molecule cooler: a closer look at Gd4M8 on surface

- A Single Molecule Magnet comfortable on surfaces

- Molecular refrigerators

Single Molecule Magnet,
on the road to spintronic:
a major step forward achieved
by DEIMOS scientists
and their collaborators

- Using circular dichroism to
study magnetic nanostructures

Preliminary project


 Download diagram
of the energy ranges

 Beamline description 


Beamline progress